Əgər hadisə indi ilə bağlıdırsa və müəyyən müddətdə baş verirsə o zaman İndiki bitmiş (davamedici) zamandan istifadə olunur:
Jill is on holiday in Ireland. She is there now.
She arrived in Ireland on Monday. Today is Thursday.
How long has she been in Ireland?
She has been in Ireland since Monday / for three days.
İndiki zaman və İndiki bitmiş zamanı müqayisə edək:
Mark and Liz are married. -- They have been married for five years. ('They are married for five years.' -- yox)
Are you married? -- How long have you been married? ('How long are you married?' -- yox)
Do you know Sarah? -- How long have you known her? ('How long do you know her?' -- yox)
I know Sarah. -- I've known her for a long time. ('I know her for ...' -- yox)
Linda lives in London. -- How long has she lived in London? She has lived there all her life.
I have a car. -- How long have you had your car? I've had it since April.
İndiki davamedici zaman və İndiki bitmiş davamedici zamanı müqayisə edək:
I'm learning German. -- How long have you been learning German? ('How long are you learning German?' -- yox) I've been learning German for two years.
David is watching TV. -- How long has he been watching TV? He's been (= He has been) watching TV since 5 o'clock.
It's raining. -- It's been (= It has been) raining all day.
Fast and slow:
This car goes very fast. It's a fast car.
This car goes very slowly. It's a slow car.
Qeyd: Zərfləri düzəltmək üçün sifətlərin sonuna -ly şəkilçisi əlavə olunur. Lakin fast sözü həm sifət həm də zərf kimi eyni cürdür, ona -ly şəkilçisini əlavə etmək olmaz.
Right and wrong:
This sentence is right. I like coffee very much.
This sentence is wrong. I like very much coffee.
Loud and quiet:
The music is too loud. It's very quiet here.
The teacher speaks very quietly. We can't hear him. She sang loudly.
Well and badly:
She's a good driver. She drives well.
He's a bad driver. He drives badly.
Sifətin sonun way sözü əlavə olunduqda "tərz" mənası daşıyır:
He's speaking in a friendly way.
She's speaking in an unfriendly way.
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